Východné / abi Majer
Characteristics of the area
The city quarter of Bratislava-Raca, historically a vineyard village,
became a part of Bratislava in 1946. Its eastern part Východné
was suburb of Bratislava-Raca. Východné first became
urbanised in the nineteen thirties, primarily as a railway colony
connected to the railway track, station and depot. In the seventies
and eighties the railway colony was
enlarged by the development of monofunctional blocks of flats,
basic facilities, manufacturing and warehouse complexes.
Today, the area features a system of railway tracks and a cargo
railway depot. Both create a massive barrier. Another important
factor is the border of the cadastre area of the municipality.
It creates an unsuitable segmentation of the functional bodies
for the municipalities of Raca and its neighbour Vajnory
The case study area Východné/abi Majer is
situated on the border of the city’s Raca district. Východné
is divided into different urban segments (Stanica Raca, Mäsokombinát,
Pri Šajbách, Dopravná ulica, Zriadovacia stanica,
Horné šajby). This is the most functionally accomplished
structure with prevalent monofunctional residential buildings
and warehouse complexes. It’s mostly characterised by manufacturing
industries. abí majer is an amorphous and diverse
area including manufacturing industries, warehouses and commercial
activities. Both urban parts Východné and abí
Majer consist of structures without any integrational linkage
to each other.
The landscape of Východné/abi Majer is influenced
by anthropogenic factors which threaten the natural environment,
such as waste dumping grounds and a high concentration pollution
from industry processes (e.g. ammonia) and transport. However,
the area also has a potentially valueable natural asset - the
Urban rehabilitation is a new phenomenon in Slovakia. The processes
of socio-economical transformation, which caused a reduction in
industry, ended in physical and social decline.
The privatisation of the public sector caused, in many cases,
the fragmentation and expiration of large industrial complexes,
the poaching of property and had a detrimental effect on important
investment tendencies. At the same time, inadequate state intervention,
in the form of legislative policy,
lead to diminished interest
in creating a legislative framework for planning and revitalisation.
Resulting from the national situation, five main problems can
be identified: the inefficiency of functional land use, poor quality
mass transportation, the barriers presented by the railway tracks,
low incomes and a lack of social cohesion.
Another problem lies in the negative image of the area, the result
of waste land areas, rundown and derelict industrial estates,
monofunctional sites, insufficient quality of each functional
part and an apparent lack of ordered organisation.
These negative factors of the area block the further development
of the whole city.
Východné is in a good position with regard to developing
manufacturing, trade and commercial activities and service provision.
In connection with these sectors, there is potential for the development
of housing and mixed-use areas in centre. Východné
also has the potential to provide education across different levels
of the industrial sectors in addition to creating job opportunities
and an employment network. The lake Kalná area bears also
a potential for new uses. However, this area has to be protected
through nature conservation and connected with the whole urban
system in Raca.
Visions, chances for development
and drivers for change
The strategic vision encompasses the development of local communities
and urban areas into attractive places for living and the development
of services and commercial facilities.
This includes connecting to natural sites in the main part of
the area and developing manufacturing, trade and commercial facilities
on the periphery. In the interests of viability and sustainability,
the Master Plan should be progressed in a wider context than the
existing and proposed initiatives.
In cooperation with stakeholders, the Urban Study and the Development
Strategy, at local level, will be the main documents for the take-off
period. Both documents will be coordinated with the Master Plan
and the Development Strategy of Bratislava.
Furthermore, long-term plans include the creation of an effective
management system, the strengthening of stakeholder co-operation,
a balanced policy of stakeholder involvement in the decision-making
process and the creation of public-private partnerships.
The important aspect of this strategy is to create a good balance
among political and economic tendencies and create conditions
for mutual cooperation, networking and competitiveness.
In general, the exploratory use of GIS should help with the process
of monitoring and assessing problems relating to unclear land
ownership, and the potential of, and requirements for, the development
of new facilities. This will be considered as background information
for the aforementioned projects.
In assumption with the profit conception discussions will take
place with investors on undertaking a survey of their interests,
focusing on the invested minimums, eventual economic development
of the smaller areas and buildings rather than on large profitable
One prevailing activity is the preparation of the Bratislava-Shopping
Centre project which will serve as production and retailing area.
As a requirement stipulated by local citizens, a project is being
prepared on the reconstruction of the Raca- Východné
primary school. The local council has approved the proposal to
convert the school into a mixed-use facility. Land ownership in
the area of abí Majer is currently unclear. The Master
Plan designates the area for a mixed-use development. The preparation
of a transport by-pass across the area of abí Majer
is an important strategic project. This will finalise the connection
to Vajnory in the north part of the case study area. Other important
activities include the road connection from Pánty to Šajby,
which will enable access to the surrounding neighbourhoods, and
the reconstruction of the railway and depot areas.