Characteristics of the area
During the middle ages the area was outside the fortress walls
of Dresden. It was largely dominated by a varying river bed of
the Weißeritz. Small settlements existed along trading paths
of supra-regional importance. In the 19th century Dresden grew
into the area and landscape features declined. The bed of the
river was relocated outside the city centre in 1893.
The industrialisation introduced by a railway system turned the
area into an industrial zone, densely built with living quarters
for workers. A number of hospitals in the area were crowded with
people suffering from poor living conditions.
The bombings of the World War II almost totally destroyed the
centre of the area, namely the heart of the industrial zone which
is the most problematic zone in the case study area. But it also
affected the adjacent living quarters such as Löbtau.
A formative aspect of the area is its impact on the urban region
as a whole due to its radial location within the city and its
large dimensions. The area Weißeritz is located in the southwest
of Dresden. It includes a part of the city centre, the (former)
industrial zone, railway and road infrastructure, former workers
living quarters of the 19th/20th century as well as a landscape
reserve close to the city border. The river Weißeritz as
well as its old river bed are substantial components of the 1000
ha sized area.
Furthermore the Weißeritz area is characterised by an accumulation
of problems, mainly by an interrelation of environmental, economic
and social problems as well as problems of urban structure. The
case study area consists of a centre with the major problems as
well as of adjacent areas with a better status. With this choice
of borders, problems and isolation of the centre shall be solved
in relation with neighbouring facilities and functions.
One of the major problems is the low or not existing land use
pressure from the private sector. A reason for this is the low
image of the area due to its destroyed urban structure caused
by the World War II and by giving up further land uses after 1990.
The low demand on land uses causes a large amount of inaccessible
wasteland, empty housing and land uses which are not appropriate
for their central location within the city. The flood protection
which will only be granted gradually after some years is another
necessary condition for investment.
Other problems impressing the quality of life are the links to
the city centre e.g. a poor infrastructure for biking and walking
and bad cross-river interrelations between the neighbourhoods
(Löbtau – Plauen).
The redevelopment of the site is problematic through the contamination
of the ground, a lack of priorities to force investment, a lack
of consent between the owners as well as between the planning
departments of the city.
A potential of the area is its central role in connecting the
city centre and adjacent living quarters. It has a sufficient
infrastructure offering access to major roads, trains and the
local public transport system. A huge amount of wasteland is a
potential to set priorities regarding permanent and public open
space for existing functions as housing, recreation as well as
connections for pedestrians and bikers. Also it offers space for
a future economic development. The river Weißeritz and its
banks are the link between the different territories of LUDA and
a potential for accessible green open spaces and perceiving nature.
Still existing remnants of urban structure such as parks, squares,
industrial monuments and historical sites can serve as initials
of investment and further development.
Visions, chances for the development and drivers for change
The vision for the area is to gain a site equally attractive for
business and for living. This shall be realised by developing
quality open space by the green connection as a key project with
an overall impact. The development of the area is dependent on
communication and cooperation between land owners, existing and
possible investors as well as the municipality. Existing potentials
and the planned future development need to be communicated more
strongly in order to attract investors and suitable land uses.
Therefore it is essential to link marketing and urban planning
as well as research on how to attract wanted land uses.
Key actions to enable a development of the area will be a close
cooperation with the land owners as well as the moderation of
their private interests. Furthermore it is important to realise
public-private partnership and use alternative financial resources
apart from public finances.
There are already some development plans and programmes like plans
of urban renewal (Löbtau, Friedrichstadt) and the framework
plan Dresden Weißeritz.
In a short term pilot projects are carried out in cooperation
with stakeholders in order to point out existing potentials. They
have a positive effect on public relations as well as on the image
of the case study area and they visualise the long term development.
In a long term the establishment of the green connection between
the city centre and adjacent living quarters is meant to be realised.
This key project implies a number of aspects such as: flood protection,
infrastructural development, securing existing urban structures
– and initiating new economical structures by improving
quality and accessibility of open space.
To realise pilot projects and to ensure the long term development
including the green connection a moderation of differing interests
and an intensive continuous cooperation with stakeholders is planned,
concentrating on the priority action areas.
Regional Flood Protection
Initiative "Weisseritz - Regio"
from the Forum under the Title: "Flood Protection and Urban
- a contradiction?" from June 2003