of the area
Craigmillar is a deprived housing estate within Edinburgh. First
developed in 1929, it was populated by people from the Cowgate
area of Edinburgh considered, then, to be a deprived part of the
city centre. The area grew in population and housing because it
was close to employment in local mines and 7 breweries.
In the 1960’s further housing was built in the Greendykes
area. With the loss of the mines and the closure of the breweries
during the late 1960s and the 1970s, the area became a high level
unemployment ‘black spot’. Other social problems followed
unemployment: drugs misuse, rise in crime and poor education.
The environment suffered, houses were not properly cared for and
the housing policies from the council were such, that families
considered to be problem families from all parts of the city were
re-located within the area. For this reason Craigmillar became
an area of deprivation. It is now considered to be the fourth
most deprived area in Scotland according to Scottish Government
statistics (4th out of 1222 areas).
The main problems deriving from this deprivation have been social
and economic, both interlinked. Furthermore, Craigmillar is disconnected
geographically from the rest of the vibrant and culturally motivated
city of Edinburgh. It is bordered by a landmark hill, Arthur’s
Seat, resulting in poor access and transport links to the rest
of Edinburgh. It is also a ‘monotenure’ community,
mainly populated by people in social housing. There is historically
very little private housing in the area.
The economic problems became apparent in poor educational aspiration
and attainment, indifference to work, and general social malaise
derived from not having work. The average income per household
is £10,500 per annum, compared to the Scottish and Edinburgh
averages of £20,000 and £30,000per annum.
Edinburgh is a buoyant city. There is a need for affordable houses
for key workers in the city, yet there is very little space for
development. Craigmillar offers space to deliver new housing which
is necessary for key workers, and by doing so potentially generates
a more socially viable and economically mixed community. It will
increase the cultural and social activity of
Edinburgh as a whole.
The potential of Craigmillar to become a quality place in which
to live and work
has been enhanced by the relocation of the main city hospital
nearby and the proposed development of a bio-tech park (these
combined will produce 12,000 jobs).
There has also been the development of large retail parks on the
periphery of Craigmillar. The area is more easily accessible from
the city bypass road than from the city centre itself. As a place
to live it is only three miles from the city centre - where there
is a renowned social and cultural vibrancy.
More importantly the people of Craigmillar enjoy this opportunity
to realise the potential for developing community once again with
a proper social mix.
Vision, Chances of development, drivers for change
The main driver for change in the area is the fact that something
has to be done: it has become so badly distressed. It is incumbent
upon the local authority to alleviate the problems of the community
and tackle the housing and economic problems of the area. The
opportunity at this stage could not be greater. The new hospital
has been built close by, and key workers need to be housed providing
a ready-made market for a housing led development. An influx of
new workers will address the need to create a social and economic
community which is economically and socially mixed and which therefore
will be much more sustainable.
The type of housing (public and private), with new quality education
provision, green space, leisure and retail provision, lends itself
to a great opportunity. Quality will be the main driver for change
to make it work.
The first objective has been realised with the formation of the
Craigmillar Joint Venture Company. (JVC) The JVC company, jointly
owned by the local authority (The City of Edinburgh Council) and
its property developer (EDI Group Scotland), has been set up specifically
to deliver the regeneration programme.
The next objective is to refine the master plan for the area,
which has now been called the Urban Design Framework and that
is currently ongoing. This has been complemented by research incorporating
representatives from various stakeholders including the Council,
EDI Group and the local community. This process of engaging with
all the stakeholders in everyway including the branding and marketing
of the company and products i.e. the houses,
commercial units etc, will continue thought the life of the project.
The JVC has also developed our monitoring and evaluation framework
and a baseline study to ensure it can properly measure its success
against the development as it happens. The programme is intended
to last for 15 years; the objectives are becoming quite clear
• 3,600 houses,
• 4 new schools,
• 300,000 square feet of office and retail and leisure space,
• new informal public park and formal open spaces
• new library
• new complementary leisure and sports provisions
• new transport provisions including a tram line , bus and
• proper facilities for young people
• 1500 new job opportunities, 100 apprenticeships
• new housing management and environmental management structure.
These are the hard outcomes of projects, the softer outcomes will
reflect the improvement in the social and economic life of the
area, education and entertainment, employment possibilities, lifelong
learning opportunities, career paths, and quality of life.
LUDA Description of Case Studies
Contract Nr. EVK4 – CT 2002 - 00081 11